Authorship and Ethical Guidelines

Declaration of Authorship

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. The order in which names appear should be a joint decision by the co-authors. Each author must have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contribution to conception and design, execution, or analysis and interpretation of data. All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for intellectual content and must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. Assurance that all authors of the paper have fulfilled these criteria for authorship should be given in the covering letter. Authors must list their names at the top of the paper.

Conflicts of interest

Potential financial interests of any authors must be indicated in the manuscript during submission. This statement will be published at the Editor's discretion. A conflict of interest would ensue if: there is anything that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and had not been declared, e.g. shareholding in or receipt of a grant or consultancy fee from a pharmaceutical company or a contract from a medical devices manufacturer. Financial concessions on purchasing equipment in return for publicity of that item should be declared. All sources of funding must be disclosed at the end of the main text under a separate heading ‘Funding’.

Ethical guidelines


All material submitted to our journal remains confidential and we operate a peer review system in which the identity of the referees is protected.

Duplicate publication

Duplicate publication is the publication of the same paper or substantially similar papers in more than one journal. Authors must explain in the submission letter any prior publication of the same or a substantially similar paper, and should explain any circumstances that might lead the Editor or reviewers to believe that the paper may have been published elsewhere (for example, when the title of a submitted paper is the same as or similar to the title of a previously published article).
If work that makes up more than 10% of the manuscript submitted to AshEse journals has been published elsewhere, please provide a copy of the published article in order that we can make a judgement on the amount of overlap without delay.
If a member of the editorial board learns that work under consideration has previously been published in whole or in part, the Editor may return the paper without review, reject the paper, announce the duplication publicly in an editorial and/or contact the authors’ employers.

Submission of manuscripts to more than one journal

Authors may not send the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. If this occurs, the Editor may return the paper without review, reject the paper, contact the Editor of the other journal(s) in question and/or contact the authors’ employers.

Plagiarism and scientific misconduct

Plagiarism is the use of others’ published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without due reference or permission and/or their presentation as new and original points. Plagiarism is serious scientific misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly. Text may be checked for passages plagiarized from other publications at the Editor’s discretion. The Editor reserves the right to inspect raw data.

Data auditing

The journal reserves the right to view original figures and data and may make periodic requests to see these.

Consent from patients

Papers reporting experiments on patients or healthy volunteers must record the fact that the subjects' consent was obtained and that it has been approved by the ethical committee of the institution in which the work was performed. Consent must be also recorded when photographs of patients are shown or other details are given that could lead to identification of these individuals.
Animal research: reporting in vivo experiments

Experiments with animals should be performed in accordance with the legal requirements of the relevant local or national authority and the name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. Procedures should be such that experimental animals do not suffer unnecessarily. The text of the paper should include experimental details of the procedure and of anaesthetics used. The journal reserves the right to reject papers where the ethical aspects are, in the Editor's opinion, open to doubt.


Statements of fact and opinion in published articles are those of the respective authors and contributors and not of AshEse. AshEse does not make any representations, express or implied, in respect of the accuracy of the material in this journal and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. The reader should make his/her own evaluation as to the appropriateness or otherwise of any experimental technique described.

Latest Journals

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    AshEse Journal of Economics                                                                  Vol. 8(3), pp. 354-355, September, 2022 ISSN: 2396-8966   © 2022 AshEse Visionary Limited   Short communication Read More
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    AshEse Journal of Economics                                                                  Vol. 8(2), pp. 339-353, August, 2022 ISSN: 2396-8966   © 2022 AshEse Visionary Limited   Full Length Read More
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