An Evaluation of the Impact of Road Management Policy Determinants on the Patronage of Public Transport in Urban Locations in Ghana: A Case of Accra Metropolis

AshEse Journal of Economics

Vol. 4(4), pp. 265-285, December, 2018                                                                                  

ISSN 2396-8966                                                                                                                                                                                                 

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An Evaluation of the Impact of Road Management Policy Determinants on the Patronage of Public Transport in Urban Locations in Ghana: A Case of Accra Metropolis

Dally Kwesi1* and Kwasikpui Debora2

University of Electronic Science and Technology of China No. 2006, Xiyuan Ave, West Hi-Tech Zone 611731, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

*Corresponding Author. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received October, 2018; Accepted December, 2018.

Abstract

Public transport service is a critical component of a nation’s development. It deals with the conveyance of individuals and goods from one location to another. The transportation network of a country therefore has mammoth benefit on the growth and development of several economies. In this regard, the development of the transport sector creates immense impact on household income of the citizenry since it is labour intensive. The fundamental role of transportation in the economy of a country has government playing some pivotal roles in the enactment of polices that are geared towards the provision of smooth bus services to enhance the movement of goods and services from one location to another. In view of this, the study endeavors to evaluate the impact of road management policy determinants on the patronage of public transport in urban locations in Ghana using the Accra metropolis as case. The study used a filed survey to collect data from the populace and key informants in the urban roads department. The research made use of a total of 137 individuals who were involved in the data collection process. A correlation test was conducted to investigate the relationship these variables have in the patronage of public transport system. Although all variables had a relationship with the dependent variable, an access to transport, access to mass transit system and duration of trip are the critical factors and had correlation coefficient value of 0.763, 0.523 and 0.703 at p > 0.01 (2-tailed) respectively. Suggesting that if policy makers want to encourage individuals’ patronage of public transport, it is proper to have in placean effective traffic management system to ease congestion on the road. Aside the provision of access to bus rapid transport system, one essential factor is the income of commuters. The disposable income of commuters plays a critical role if citizens would patronize public bus services.

Key words:Transportation, Urban Road, Road Management, Rapid Bus Transport, Public Policy

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